Wednesday, November 15, 2006

Seminar at the Centre for Cardiovascular Research Czech Republic

by Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja

On Nov 14th, 2006, I visited the Centre for Cardiovascular Research of the Czech Republic Academy of Sciences at Prague. I was very favorably impressed with the long standing pioneer work on the protective effect of chronic hypoxia with regards to myocardial infarction. After the publications of Hurtado in Peru(1950) affirming a lower incidence of myocardial infarction in people living at altitude, Kopecky and Daum (1958) and Poupa (1966) performed the first experimental studies using a model of high altitude hypoxia in a hypobaric chamber. Prof. Poupa was described by Prof. Bohuslav Ostadal, his succesor, as a true renaissance man that not only was extraordinary with the science but also multiple in his interests which included oil paintings.
Prof. Ostadal, transformed the center into an international renown Center of Excellence. In 2003 he was granted the Norman Alpert Award for his outstanding achievements in the area of Cardiovascular Science and Medicine.

Shown above, the solid II World War German hypobaric chamber that is in current use with rats exposed to 5 500 m of altitude as shown on the next picture. The simuloated altitude is quite similar to the altitude of the Chacaltaya high altitude pyramid laboratory.

Prof. Frantisek Kolar, shown at left, the current director, has boosted the research and in this opportunity kindly invited me to give a seminar entitled " Cardiovascular and pulmonary physiological changes during exercise in high altitude residents: remarkable adaptation to chronic hypoxia."
This talk presented the work performed at IPPA in relation to high altitude and particularly to the work of Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo (Sr) and his theory of adaptation to life at the hypoxic levels of the summit of Mt. Everest.
The research being performed at the centre
is most interesting and promising for practical solutions to the prevention of myocardial infarction through exposure to chronic hypoxia. The equipment used is high tech and on the leading edge in this type of research.

The work they perform is indeed of worlwide interest as there is a current worldwide scientific wave of interest on the effects of high altitude protective effects particularly in the coronary circulation. Prof. Emilio Marticorena of Peru has also greatly contributed to these modern concepts showing how high altitude helps with the rehabilitation of cardiac patients.

Dr. Ivana Ostadalova in charge of developmental cardiological research at the Centre.

The hypoxic chamber where rats are placed in an enviroment with a 10 % oxygen concentration. This chamber is similar to the chamber we have that is called Hyperoxic/Hypoxic Adaptation Chamber

We use it to treat patients with high altitude disease and also to perform research in humans at different altitudes.
Special thanks to Jan Neckar, a young enthusiastic and distinguished scientist of the Centre for the photographs here presented.

We also visited the echocardiography department where echocardiographic observation of myocardial infarcts in rats' hearts is shown. This is highly complicated and requires much knowledge in the area. They are about to receive the latest techonolgy in this area and this will further boost their prestige in this important area of human health care.

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Thursday, September 14, 2006

Poland Pneumology Conference 2006

Poland Pneumology Conferences 2006 with Prof. Mieczyslaw Pokorski
At the University of Opole
Click here to go to the conference website

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photos courtesy of the Pneumology Conference auditorium engineer.

6th World High Altitude congress in China 2005

6th World Congress on Mountain Medicine and Physiology in Xining, China and Lasha, Tibet. 2004

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo (left) and Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta Calleja (right) in Lhasa, Tibet during the visit to one of the hospitals. Shown here are three tibetan monks.

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo, a Tibetan Monk and Prof. Dale McMcall on the foreground in front of the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet, considered one of the marvels of the world.

On the background Prof. Univ. Dr. Hanns-Christian Gunga.

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Berlin Frei University Fisiology Conference

Berlin Fiziology conference 2005 at The Department of Physiology of Berlin Frei University.
Center for Space Medicine under the direction of Prof. Dr. Univ. Hanns-Christian Gunga

Prof. Poul-Erik Paulev and Prof. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja gave talks representing the Univ. of Copenhagen and the High Altitude Pathology Institute in La Paz, Bolivia

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Conferences at Vejle, Denmark on Blood Gases sponsored by Radiometer 2005

Prof. Paulev dictating on his research experience in hyperbarica and hypobaric medicine. Prof. Zubieta-Calleja dictating a conference on Blood Gases and high altitude

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Thursday, August 31, 2006

Cape Canaveral moved to Bolivian Altiplano


Considering that Cape Canaveral is subject to ever increasing storms and bad weather that has already ended in accidents with the Space Shuttle, a new place for launching into space is mandatory.

Cape Canaveral has a Latitude of 29 N and Longitude 79 E
The Bolivian Altiplano has a Latitude of 16 S and Longitude 68 W

Note that it is closer to the Equator.

Furthermore it is at 4000 m above sea level. This is a highly significant energy saving for launching vehicles into space.

It is called Altiplano which stands for "high plateau". This extense flat surface is of great advantage for the logistics of development of a launching pad.
The surrounding mountains can be used for coverage and protection and for building the rocket structures.

Finally, the weather is much more benign at high altitude, with no serious storms.

This would also mean a development pole for Bolivia, a beautiful and pleasant country in much need of sincere collaboration.


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